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Pahela

Pahela

Pahela



Official Name: The People's Republic of Bangladesh
Capital Dhaka : Area-1416 Sq.Km.
Head of State: Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid, Hon'ble President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
Head of Govt: Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
Independence: 26 March 1971 is the date of independence from Pakistan; 16 December 1971 is the Victory Day
Location: Latitude between 20'34" and 26'39" North, Longitude between 88'00" and 92'41" East
Boundary North: India, West: India, East : India and and MayanmarSouth: Bay of Bengal
Area : 1, 47,570 sq.km. Territorial Waters 22.22 km. Economic Zone-Upto 370.40 km. in the high seas, measured from the base line
Climate Main seasons: Winter (Nov-Feb). Summer (March-June), Monsoon (July-Oct).Temp-max. 34°C. min. 8°C.Rainfall: Highest 136cm and Lowest 47cm
Unit of Currency: Taka
Administrative Units: Division: 7; District: 64; Police Station: 507; Union: 4484; Village: 87319
Major Cities: Dhaka, Chittagong. Khulna, Rajshahi, Mymensing, Comilla, Barisal, Sylhet, Rongpur
Population in Census 2011 Approximately 152.51 million; Growth rate 1.37% per annum; Sex ratio 100.3 males per 100 females; Urban Population 23.39%; Density per square km 1015
Life expectency at Birth Total population: 62.84 years male: 62.81 years female: 62.86 years (2007 est.)
Language: Bengali. English is also widely spoken.
Religions: Muslim 88%, Hindu 10%, other 2%
Nationality: Bangladeshi
Main Rivers Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Bhahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli in all more than 200 rivers including tributaries and branches
Main Minerals: Natural Gas, Lignite Coal, Limestones, Ceramic, Clay and Glass Sand
Main Industries: Garments and knitwear, Jute, Cotton, Textile, Tea, Paper, Newsprint, Cement, Fertilizer, Sugar, Light Engineering, Electric cables, Leather, Fish
Main Exports: Readymade garments and Knitwear, Jute and Jute products, Tea, Ceramic Leather and Frozen food
Sea Ports: Chittagong and Mongla
Air ports: Dhaka, chittagong, Jessore, Rajshahi, Iswardi, Sylhet, Cox's Bazar, Syedpur and Barisal
Education: Public Universities-31, Private Universities-54, Colleges-3639, Polytechnic Institute-27, Govt Medical colleges-13, Non-govt: medical colleges-27, Secondary schools-21665, Primary schools-82020
Health (2006 Based): Hospitals 1683; Hospital beds 51044;Registered physician: 44632
Electricity: 220 Volts A.C. in all cities and towns
Wearing Apperal Tropical in Summer and Light woolen in Winter
Economic Overview: The economy has grown 5-6.7% over the past few years. Although more than half of GDP is generated through the service sector, agriculture is the single most important area of employment, with rice as the single-most-important product. Garment exports and remittances from millions of Bangladeshis working overseas fuel economic growth. As a result incidence of poverty has fallen significantly.
GDP (Purchasing Power Parity): $306.0 billion (2013 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $105.6 billion (2013 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 6.01% (2013 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP) $2,039 (2013)
GDP composition by sector Agriculture:19% Industry:28.7% Services: 52.3% (2007 est.)
Tourist Season: October to March
Main Tourist Attractions Colourful tribal life of Chittagong Hill Tracts, world's longest sea beach at Cox's Bazar, centuries-old historical sites at Dhaka , Paharpur & Mainamati Buddhist monasteries, Mohastangar, Sundarban the home of the Royal Bengal Tiger and the largest mangrove forest in the world , Tea Gardens in Sylhet, reverine life etc

BANGLADESH CONTINUES TO MAKE MIRACLES


MACRO ECONOMY
GDP : $273 billion (44th in global ranking in nominal terms)
GDP growth : @6.44% on average during 2009-17 (highest this year 7.28%)
Per Capita Income : US$1,610 in FY17 (3 times higher from $543 in FY06)
Inflation Rate : 5.44% in FY 2016-17 (lowered from 6.60% from 1994)
Export Earnings : US$34.8 billion in 2016-17 (Growth @ 1.45%)
Remittance : US$ 12.1 billion in FY 2016-17
Foreign Reserve : US$ 33.4 billion at I June 2017 (capacity to meet import bills for 8 months)
National Savings : Increased to 30.3% of GDP in FY17 (from 26.1% in FY06)
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) : Almost tripled to US$ 2 billion during this period.
Budget Size : US$ 50 billion for FY 2017-18 (5.2 times larger than FY06)
ACHIEVEMENTS IN MDGs AND TAKING ACTION FOR SDGs
Reduction of Headcount Poverty : Down from 38.4% in 2006 to 23.2% in 2016
Reduction of Extreme Poverty Rate : Down from 24.2% in 2006 to 12.1% in 2016
Infant Mortality : Dropped from 45 in 2006 to 28 in 2016 (per 1000 live births)
Maternal Mortality : Decreased from 3.37 in2006 to 1.78 in 2016 (per 1000)
Equitable Access in education (NER : 97.7 percent), reduction of dropouts
Sustainable Development Goals are in tandem with 'Vision-2021' and 'Vision-2041' 'Whole of Society' approach to ensure wider participation of NGOs, development partners, private sector, media and CSOs in the process of formulation of Acting Plan and implementation of the SDGs
SDGs Implementation and Monitoring Committee' formed under the Prime Minister's Office to facilitate and implementation of SDGs Acting Plan.
ACHIEVEMENTS IN MDGs AND TAKING ACTION FOR SDGs
Bangladesh is now a food self sufficient nation
Total production of food crops was increased from 27.8 million metric tonnes to 38.8 million metric tonnes in FY 16
In global ranking Bangladesh is 3rd in producing vegetables 4th in producing fresh water fishes and 7th in producing mangoes
SOCIAL SECURITY
Budget allocation is now 2.3% of the GDP, a rise from 1.96% of the GDP in 2008-09
Number of social security schemes in 145 in 2017, an increase from 11 in 2006
SUCCESS IN HEALTH SECTOR
Bangladesh has set the target to attain universal healthcare by 2032
Per capita health expenditure is US$ 30.83 in 2014, an increase from $16 in 2000
Life expectancy has gone up to 71.6 years (2016)
Over 16,400 community clinics to enhance basic health care at the grassroots level
30,000 satellite clinics for maternal and child healthcare around the country
High vaccination coverage (EPI) globally acclaimed for reducing child mortality
Innovation and technology based digitalized healthcare increased accessibility to health service via mobile phone, telemedicine service, hospital automation, online population health registry and digital training facility for health care professionals.
POWER GENERATION
Government has set a target to ensure electricity for all by 2021
Electricity generation stands 15,379 MW in FY17 from 5,245 MW in FY06 (per capita generation from 220 kwh to 407 kwh). Target is 24,000 MW by 2021
Electricity coverage is 78% which was less than 50% ten years ago
Government is aiming for 7 solar parks to be implemented by IPPS connecting to the national grid (2.76% of total electricity generation is from renewable sources)
More than 4.5 million solar home systems have been installed in the rural areas bringing electricity at the doorsteps of 20 million people living in the off-grid areas
Government has set a target to produce 10% power from renewable energy source by 2021
ENERGY VISION
Bangladesh is presently trying to replace its dependence on natural gas with Liquefied Petroleum
GAS (LPG) AND LNG (LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS)
Imported LNG is expected to constitute 17% of total gas supply by 2019 and 70% by 2041
Currently, Bangladesh, Indian and US companies are working on 3 LNG offshore terminals. A land-based LNG terminal is expected to commence operational in 2027
ONGOING MAJOR INFRANSTRUCTURE PROJECTS
Padma Multipurpose Bridge : Largest state funded project worth US$3.65 bn
Rooppur Nuclear Plant : Capacity 2,400 MW and worth US$ 12.65 bn
Rampal Power Plant : Capacity 1,300 MW, coal-based power plant worth US$ 1.6 bn
Payra Deep Sea Port : Country's third sea port scheduled to be operational by 2018
Matarbari Power Project and Sea Port : A complete power hub with capacity of 1,200 MW, scheduled to be completed by 2022
Dhaka Metro Rail : Capacity to transport over 60,000 passengers/hour by 2019
Dhaka Elevated Expressway : 47.6 km long and connecting key points in Dhaka
Dhaka Cox's Bazar Railway Link : Direct rail connectivity to the popular tourist city with capital
Dhaka Ashulia Elevated Expressway : Worth US$ 1.67 bn to improve communication with the northern part of Bangladesh
PROGRESS TOWARDS DIGITAL BANGLADESH
Internet Users : 1.5 million (2006), 73 million (2017); 45% internet penetration and 20% having fixed-broadband
Mobile Users : 20 million (2006), 136 million (2017); 90% teledensity
Total size of the ICT market in Bangladesh was merely $26 million in 2008 which now reaches $600 million
A total of 5,275 digital centres have been set up across the country that are making digital services affordable and available at local level
"Bangladesh, a shining example of digital technology used for delivering financial services to the poor" (Bill Gates)
SPACE TECHNOLOGY
Bangladesh became the 57th nation in the world and fourth in South Asia after India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka with the lunching of its first Space Satellite (Bangabandhu Sattellite-1) on May 11, 2018.
ECONOMIC ENCLAVES
Bangladesh is setting up 100 economic zones along with allocated special economic zones exclusively for China, India and Japan
Bangladesh has eight fully operational export processing zones (EPZs)
GLOBAL PROJECTION - WHERE BANGLADESH CAN GO
Bangladesh's GDP is expected to be US$322 bn by 2021 (World Bank)
Bangladesh would emerge as 28th largest economy by 2030 and 23rd by 2050 (PWC)
The Miracle of East : Bangladesh is one of next 11 economics with great investment opportunities (Goldman Sachs)
"Bangladesh is poised to be the Next Asian tiger" (Former Chief Economist of the World Bank Mr. Kaushik Basu)
Bangladesh was the best performer in South Asia after India (World Investment Report 2017)
GLOBAL RECOGNITION FOR BANGLADESH
Global health and children's award to the Hon'ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in 2011
"UN South-South Cooperation Visionary Award" to the Hon'ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in 2014
UNEP's highest environmental accolade, 'Champion of The Earth' to the Hon'ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in 2015
"ICT Sustainable Development Award" to the Hon'ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in 2015
UN FAO "Achievement Award" to Bangladesh in 2015
UN recognized Honorable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina as "Planet 50-50 Champion" in 2016
Agent of Change Award to the Hon'ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in 2016
Hon'ble Prime Minister - is one of the "world 100 leading global thinkers", 13 top "decision makers" (Foreign Policy Magazine)
ATTAINMENT OF THE ELIGIBILTY TO GRADUATE TO DEVELOPING COUNTRY
Attainment of the eligibility to graduate to a developing country (by 2024) as announced by the UNCDP on 16 March,2018.
GRADUATION TO A MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRY (MIC)
Bangladesh has fulfilled three criteria for her graduation from LDCs to MICs
Gross National Income Per Capita : Bangladesh's GNI is US$1,610 and requirement for graduation US$ 1,242
Human Asset Index : Bangladesh's HAI is 72.9 while the requirement for graduation is 66 or above

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